Article I. Timber yields from smallholder agroforestry systems: a case study from two Central American territories
Sousa, Kauê Feitosa Dias de.
MetadataShow full item record
The importance of tropical timber for human activities is increasing, and developed countries are widely recognized for tropical timber production. However, the timber supply from tropical forests has been greatly impacted by increasing deforestation associated with complex and restrictive timber harvest laws. In Central America, as well as in other developing regions, reforestation programs have often been less successful than planned. In these cases, agroforestry presents a useful strategy to promote a tropical timber supply from smallholders, rural development and provisions of environmental services. We evaluated the effects of crop management on timber yields and potential revenues of timber sales in four types of agroforestry systems (silvopastoral, coffee, cocoa and live-fence) in Nicacentral (Nicaragua) and Honduran Trifinio (Honduras). The results suggest that smallholder timber production in agroforestry systems is a profitable activity, despite having lower market prices than timber from forests, due to the absence and lack of knowledge of silvicultural practices. The net present value from timber sales represents 11 to 49% of the total revenue of agroforestry systems. However, this amount could be 58% higher if farmers were to manage trees to achieve better tree quality. Encouraging the knowledge and adoption of silvicultural practice in agroforestry systems is an important endeavor to foster and increase timber sales from smallholder farmers in Central America.