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dc.contributor.authorShaver, Irene
dc.contributor.authorChain Guadarrama, Adina
dc.contributor.authorCleary, Kate
dc.contributor.authorSanfiorenzo, Andre
dc.contributor.authorSantiago García, Ricardo J.
dc.contributor.authorWaits, Lisette
dc.contributor.authorFinegan, Bryan
dc.contributor.authorHormel, Leontina
dc.contributor.authorSibelet, Nicole
dc.contributor.authorVierling, Lee A
dc.contributor.authorBosque Pérez, Nilsa A
dc.contributor.authorFagan, Matthew E
dc.contributor.authorDeClerck, Fabrice A. J.es_ES
dc.date.accessioned2015-11-10T19:53:27Z
dc.date.available2015-11-10T19:53:27Z
dc.date.issued2014
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11554/7667
dc.description36 páginas; 4 ilustraciones, 5 tablas
dc.description.abstractTropical ecosystem conversion to agriculture has caused widespread habitat loss and created fragmented landscapes composed of remnant forest patches embedded in a matrix of agricultural land uses. Export crops such as pineapple are rapidly replacing multiuse landscape matrices comprised of pasture and smallholder crops with intensive monoculture plantations. Using an interdisciplinary approach, we conduct a case study to examine the coupled social and ecological implications of agricultural intensification in this region, with larger application to regions experiencing similar commodity crop expansion and agricultural intensification. Guided by frameworks from both political and landscape ecology, we: 1) describe the social and economic implications of pineapple expansion, specifically the concentration of land, labor and financial resources, 2) quantify pineapple cultivation’s spatial characteristics, and 3) assess the effects of pineapple expansion on surrounding forest ecosystems, on the agricultural matrix and on biodiversity conservation. Our results reveal that pineapple expansion produces social and environmental changes that affect local conservation. In particular, our data indicate pineapple production concentrates land, labor, and financial resources, which has a homogenizing effect on agricultural economy in the study region. This constrains alternative farm-based livelihoods, with larger implications for food security and agricultural diversity. Landscape ecology analyses further reveal how pineapple production simplifies and homogenizes the agricultural matrix between forest patches, which is likely to have a negative effect on biodiversity. To offset the effects of pineapple expansion on social and environmental systems, we recommend developing the capacity for landscape level land use planning. Furthermore, agricultural and conservation policy reform is needed to promote landscape heterogeneity and economic diversity within the agricultural sector. Our interdisciplinary research provides a detailed examination of the social and ecological impacts of agricultural intensification in a tropical landscape, and offers recommendations for improvement relevant not only to our study region but to the many other tropical landscapes currently undergoing agricultural intensification.
dc.language.isoenes_ES
dc.publisherCATIE, Turrialba (Costa Rica)es_ES
dc.relation.ispartofExploring the political economy of everyday life on the Costa Rican frontier from agrarian reform to the pineapple boom. Tesis (Ph. D.) -- CATIE, Escuela de Posgrado, Turrialba (Costa Rica), 2014
dc.subjectEXPLOTACION AGRICOLA INTENSIVAes_ES
dc.subjectCONSERVACION DE LA DIVERSIDAD BIOLOGICAes_ES
dc.subjectECOLOGIAes_ES
dc.subjectPAISAJE AGRICOLAes_ES
dc.subjectUTILIZACION DE LA TIERRAes_ES
dc.subjectMONOCULTIVOes_ES
dc.subjectPIÑAes_ES
dc.subjectPLANTACIONESes_ES
dc.subjectCULTIVOS TROPICALESes_ES
dc.subjectPRODUCTOS NO TRADICIONALESes_ES
dc.subjectACTIVIDADES ECONOMICASes_ES
dc.subjectIMPACTO AMBIENTALes_ES
dc.subjectDEGRADACION AMBIENTALes_ES
dc.subjectESTRUCTURA AGRICOLAes_ES
dc.subjectMEDIOS DE VIDAes_ES
dc.subjectCOMUNIDADES RURALESes_ES
dc.subjectCOSTA RICAes_ES
dc.titleArticle I. Coupled social, economic and ecological outcomes of agricultural intensification in Costa Rica and the future of biodiversity Cocservation in tropical agricultural regionses_ES
dc.typeArtículo de tesises_ES
dc.typeinfo:eu-repo/semantics/articlees_ES
dc.identifier.publisherCATIEes_ES
dc.identifier.publicationTurrialba (Costa Rica)es_ES


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